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Writing While it may be too tempting to answer this question WITHOUT first watching the video, it would be a lot more fun if you did so.!Imagine that it is a rainy day and you
Posted On: Nov. 23, 2017
Author: Shipra


Writing While it may be too tempting to answer this question WITHOUT first watching the video, it would be a lot more fun if you did so.!Imagine that it is a rainy day and you need to walk 50 feet from one building to another. Would you get LESS wet if you walked from one building to the other or ran from one building to other? After posting and discussing your answer, watch the video and further discuss the role of research methodology in building psychology's knowledge base. Ans: I think I would get less wet if I will run from one building to other because while running the same distance will be covered faster than when we will cover it while walking. While running we remain less time in rain, which means that you will be wet less. If we walk in the rain then we will be in rain for more time so it is obvious that one should be wet in rain while walking than running. Research methodology is very helpful in finding out the solution of this problem. It will provide the basis to collect data which helps the researcher in getting a true solution. Every time the data collected may be differ because of the reason that raindrops are not of the same size and rain is a natural phenomenon. Its speed and size is not controlled by us. Research methodology is a way in which one collects data by using an appropriate method. Research method which is selected should satisfy the need of the researchers. It should be selected very carefully so that data collected will be reliable and will be helpful in the research. Data collected should provide the answers to all the questions of the researchers. It involves the researcher providing an alternative hypothesis, a research hypothesis, as an alternate way to explain the phenomenon.



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Writing DISCUSSION QUESTION 2 BRAIN REWARD PATHWAY It is a pathway which consists of following parts such as VTA (Ventral Tegmental
Posted On: Nov. 23, 2017
Author: Shipra


Writing DISCUSSION QUESTION 2 BRAIN REWARD PATHWAY It is a pathway which consists of following parts such as VTA (Ventral Tegmental Area), nucleus accumbens and the prefrontal cortex. It is the main part of the brain which pursues it to make a move. VTA consists of special types of neurons which release neurotransmitter dopamine, which gives us a pleasurable or sad feeling. It also releases septum in the prefrontal cortex. Dopamine activates the motor neurons and prefrontal cortex focuses his or her attention. According to our pleasurable and sad feeling we react to the stimuli. If our experience is bad, we feel bad otherwise vice-versa.



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Writing Discussion Question: I have gone through this whole unit regarding the literature review process, but I am
Posted On: Nov. 23, 2017
Author: Shipra


Writing Discussion Question: I have gone through this whole unit regarding the literature review process, but I am unable to get the concept. I mean what is the meaning of this process, how we can proceed further. According to me it will be better to understand the process by taking some example. For ding this process I have selected perception as my topic but this process not fully help me in getting the information about my topic. But practical is much different than the theory that’s why this unit does not provide me much information about the topic.



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Biology DISCUSSION QUESTION While going through this unit in which details regarding the functions and structure of the neuron are given, I got a problem in understanding the facts regarding the
Posted On: Nov. 23, 2017
Author: Shipra


Biology DISCUSSION QUESTION While going through this unit in which details regarding the functions and structure of the neuron are given, I got a problem in understanding the facts regarding the neuron and their functioning. It is not properly discussed here. It can be understand better by using some examples. The details of the nervous system are not given properly.



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Q1. What are your overall thoughts on PBL? Ans: Problem-based learning comprises of two words – problem-based and
Posted On: Nov. 23, 2017
Author: Shipra


Writing Q1. What are your overall thoughts on PBL? Ans: Problem-based learning comprises of two words – problem-based and learning. Problem can be defined as any issue which is needed to be resolved. Learning is the process through which that problem can be resolved. Learning can also be defined as the process to find out the details of the problem, its causes, its solution and its implementation of the solution which is best suited. It is a student-centered learning program in which students study their problems in-depth and then find out the possible solutions of their problem. PBL is student centered, which means that students occupy the main position in this learning procedure. Students’ goals and opportunities are examined by themselves. In PBL, a person finds out the solution to their problems and then implements the best one and check out the results with the assumed one find out the success of the solution implemented. In this technique there are different phases through which one has to go, these are – • Define problem • Find out the causes • Design all possible solutions • Find out the best of all the alternatives available • Implementation of the solution • Find out the difference between the actual result and the desired result • If necessary, take remedial steps further. It helps the person to increase their thinking power and domain knowledge. Thinking increases their creativity to find out the best solution of all the available alternatives. Problem-based learning is the learning environment in which a person learned by solving the problem. A problem is given to the person to use all his wits to find out the best solution of the problem. (Don Wood. 2015. Problem-based Learning. http://chemeng.mcmaster.ca/problem-based-learning) Q2. What ideas and plans do you have about approaching each of three main phases and related tasks? Ans: If I have to study any problem then I will also opt for PBL, as it is one of the best technique to find out the best solution. First of all I will study the problem in-depth. For in-depth study, I will go through the problem such as what is the problem, how it arises, when it arises, etc. After getting the sufficient answers, I will explore all the available information regarding that problem and then find out all the possible solutions to the problem. This is not enough. The main responsibility is to implement that solution. Then to find out whether the results we are getting is how much closer to the desired result. Let us take an example to understand the concept better. I have a problem in the lesson named Geometrical concepts. The first thing I understand my problem. When I have understood my problem, I did the in-depth study of the cause regarding it and reached out to its cause that I do not have interest in mathematics. So after knowing the reason, I find out all the possible solutions. First step is to raise my interest in the subject by solving simple questions, then later on I try to understand the basic concepts of geometry and after this I move towards my chapter and now I am scoring well. Q3. What are the pros and cons of PBL? Ans: Everything in this world has pros and cons, so the PBL also have it. It provide students the way, to raise their creativity. People who use PBL technique become more creative and their thinking is developed. There are advantages of this technique which are as follows: • Knowledge retention: One can retain knowledge drive from problem-based technique for a long time because he or she is himself or herself involved in it. • Develop competencies: One can develop competency to remain in the competition for a long time. • Complicates evaluation: One can evaluate all the complex situations and can easily find out the solution to the problem. • Active process: All members have to participate actively to find out the solution to their problem. (Joseph Petrick. n.d. Advantages and disadvantages of problem-based learning in the workplace. http://work.chron.com/advantages-disadvantages-problembased-learning-workplace-22868.html) Besides these advantages, PBL also have some disadvantages which are as follows- • Takes longer time: One needs longer time to make in-depth study of the problem then to find out its solution. • Needs planning: The in-depth study of the problem requires careful assessment of the problem and then a careful consideration to find out the solution.



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• Writing • Explain newly-developed skills as well as other learning opportunities acquired through your university experience.
Posted On: Nov. 23, 2017
Author: Shipra


• Writing • Explain newly-developed skills as well as other learning opportunities acquired through your university experience. Ans: While doing study in university, I had learned many skills. Now I can communicate effectively with others. This comes through many competitions such as debate, elocution, etc. My interpersonal skills also get developed. Managerial qualities such as leadership, time management, also get developed. Learning skills are those skills which helps the students in learning and grasping their course easily and faster. It includes communicating, creative thinking, critical thinking and collaborating. These skills make the learning effective. I also learnt all these skills in my university. Creative thinking of us is developed by giving us projects on different topics. Critical thinking focused on in-depth study of the topic before arriving at any conclusion. (n.d. 2015). • Describe where and how you acquired the necessary skills that helped you excel through the progression of your education. Be sure to include examples. Ans: Experience, skills and knowledge are the assets that one acquired throughout one’s lifetime. Skills help us to earn name as well as fame in the world. The knowledge and skills we acquire in our school or university helps us to get a good job with handsome salary. And if we opt for business then these skills are also useful. Learning skills are necessary for the students to be successful in studies and to gain knowledge. These are communicating, collaborating, critical thinking and creative thinking. These can be developed in schools by using following techniques. Critical thinking can be improved by doing practical projects in life. It also improved when we answer those questions which are not lesson based. Creative thinking can be improved by asking different questions or by asking for solutions o different problems. The easiest way to increase creative thinking is to do brainstorming session. (n.d. 2015). Communicating helps the students to develop speaking, listening and reading skills. Collaborating skills can be improved by giving a project work in the team in spite of an individual. • Develop a plan illustrating how you plan to transfer those skills into everyday life. Ans: It is necessary to implement the skills we have learnt in our schools or colleges in our real life, otherwise they are of no use. Our brain always struggle for learning. It wants to learn new things always. What we have learnt in school or college must be applied in our life so as to get effective result from these skills. I also learnt many skills in my university. Now it is the time to implement those skills in the real life. So I had made a strategy to apply those skills. Once I got a project in my office, for which I have to give presentation. In the night I planned for my presentation but it’s not easy to present in front of others as I am a shy kind of person. But the communicating skills which I had learnt during school helped me a lot and then I became able to get the project done. • Demonstrate critical thinking skills by effectively communicating ideas or points clearly, thoroughly, and accurately. Ans: Critical thinking requires in-depth study of the topic and then providing any conclusion. There are many critical thinking skills such as evaluation, analysis, inference, explanation, interpretation and self-regulation. For doing critical thinking, one has to go through the details of the problem; it means one has to analyze the problem. After that he or she has to find out the solution i.e., to do evaluation and then has to draw some inference which means the conclusion or the solution of the problem. After this, solution of the problem will be communicated to the others who will be benefitted by it. REFERENCES • What are learning skills? 2015. Retrieved from http://thoughtfullearning.com/resources/what-are-learning-skills on 10th Sept.



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FRIEND REPLY UNIT 1 WEEK 1 Nickie Rosier Discuss some of the other attributes beyond analytical thinking and writing skills that many employers value.
Posted On: Nov. 22, 2017
Author: Shipra


FRIEND REPLY UNIT 1 WEEK 1 Nickie Rosier Discuss some of the other attributes beyond analytical thinking and writing skills that many employers value. In an age of technology, employers place great value on individuals with computer skills. So many companies are moving towards a ‘paperless’ approach which means individuals with moderate to advanced skills in Excel is a sought after skill. In additional to wanting tech savvy employees, employers also desire individuals with great interpersonal skills. The success of a company weighs heavily on the employees. Company’s desire individuals with a team player attitude that will be able to work well with others to achieve their common goal. I current work on a team that has experienced some issues with team morale. It greatly has affected the atmosphere within the office as well as the quality of work produced because certain individuals aren"t able to work well together. This causes for extra meetings, team building and various exercises to repair and promote the team spirit. Why must we have knowledge of computerized or traditional system’s objectives to study that system? You must know what a system was designed for and it’s limitations in order to study the system so that individuals can effectively use the system and potentially improve upon it. Working in accounting systems are constantly changing and when deciding to move to a new system, it is essential to know how the system works and even why it was designed. In my department we use many system that weren"t built to handle our particular needs. Someone was able to modify functions to fit our needs because they had knowledge of the system’s objectives and limitations. As we"ve upgraded, that knowledge was essential in designing a new system to better fit our growing needs. Do roles that accountants play differ in traditional systems from their roles in computerized systems? Please discuss. Accountants no longer have to prepare reports and ledgers by hand with pencil and paper but they are still required to have the same knowledge and abilities. Although computer systems can pull data or an end user can enter data and all the calculations are done automatically, accountants still must review the data for accuracy. Dione Canty Discuss some of the other attributes beyond analytical thinking and writing skills that many employers value? Other attributes that employees many consider is knowing how to communicate verbally with people whether they are peers or customer, or other organization that has interaction with the business. Companies also want to know if a person is able to make decisions as well as knowing how to solve problems. I have come across many jobs that test such skills before hiring with assessment question about being a team player. The ability to get along with others, be influential, and the ability to sell a product or service are important qualities that companies are seeking even with a degree (Adams, 2013). Why must we have knowledge of computerized or traditional system"s objectives to study that system? Every company needs to maintain records and store data; with computerized technology it has become more efficient. Knowing the objective to any system would benefit the company in cost and time. Depending on the type of organization, one must know which system that would be beneficial for them. If a company makes a decision to obtain a system that isn’t capable with their needs, could be a major cost just to undo. Do roles that accountants play differ in traditional systems from their roles in computerized systems? Please discuss. According to (Vitez, n.d.), an accountant have to view the data to make sure that the information is accurate and valid before entering the data into the computer. Accountants are also accountable for following the generally accepted accounting principles or any agency rules to make sure that they are accurately applied to the reviewing of this information that is presented. The benefits with data being computerized is that it can be processed quickly and more accurate because of formulas. Manual systems can slow down the process but errors can quickly be reviewed, reconciled if systematically in order and understood clearly with notes that was physically placed. References: Adams, S. (2013). The 10 Skills Employers Most Want In 20-Something Employees. Retrieved from Forbes: http://www.forbes.com/sites#/sites/susanadams/2013/10/11/the-10-skills-employers-most-want-in-20-something-employees/ Vitez, O. (n.d.). Manual Vs. Computerized Accounting Systems. Retrieved from eHow: http://www.ehow.com/about_5410997_manual-vs_-computerized-accounting-systems.html



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Unit 1 – Discussion Board Employers of both accounting and IS personnel often rank “analytical reasoning” and “writing” skills on the same priority as technical skills, and some rank them even
Posted On: Nov. 22, 2017
Author: Shipra


Unit 1 – Discussion Board Employers of both accounting and IS personnel often rank “analytical reasoning” and “writing” skills on the same priority as technical skills, and some rank them even higher. Said one recruiter at the school of one author: “I can train new employees to use our computer systems and perform the majority of the technical tasks we will require of them. What I cannot train them to do is to think analytically or logically. And what I refuse to do is to teach them to speak and write clearly and effectively—skills they should have learned in high school.” Another recruiter said it slightly differently: “Give me a technically-competent accounting or IS student who can perform AIS tasks well, and I will pay them X dollars. Give me a student who can explain to my clients how our services can solve their business problems and I will pay them 2X dollars.” Conduct a preliminary search and: • Discuss some of the other attributes beyond analytical thinking and writing skills that many employers value. • Why must we have knowledge of computerized or traditional system's objectives to study that system? • Do roles that accountants play differ in traditional systems from their roles in computerized systems? Please discuss. In your own words, post a substantive response to the Discussion Board question(s) and comment on other postings. Your response should address the DB question(s) and move the conversation forward. You will be graded on the quality of your postings, including mastery of the concept as well as critical thinking. If asked for your opinion, do not simply state that it is a good or bad idea; elaborate on your reasons and argument. Include enough detail to substantiate your thinking as well as your position on the questions or comments. Unit 1 – Individual Project The public accounting profession is quite competitive and it is through the effective use of technology that one can maintain a competitive edge. For example, an auditor can usually complete an audit engagement in less time--and be surer of his/her findings--than he/she would be without using technology in his/her audit. This will permit the auditor to charge less for his/her work and to obtain more clients. And, if his/her findings can be supported, he/she will be less likely to experience legal ramifications (from the SEC, from stockholders, and so on). • Discuss some other changes you think will occur in the way financial information is gathered, processed, and communicated as a result of increasingly sophisticated IT. • Discuss several career opportunities available to students who combine a study of accounting with course work in AISs, information systems, and/or computer science. Can you think of other jobs where these skill sets would be desirable? • "When we computerize an AIS, we merely change how the data is processed; we don't change what tasks are performed." Do you agree? Give examples to support your position.



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FRIEND REPLY UNIT 2 WEEK 1 Wanda Mason-Ballenger Re:Unit 2 - Discussion Board The Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO) of the Treadway Commission
Posted On: Nov. 22, 2017
Author: Shipra


FRIEND REPLY UNIT 2 WEEK 1 Wanda Mason-Ballenger Re:Unit 2 - Discussion Board The Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO) of the Treadway Commission is a cooperative enterprise comprised of private sector companies including the American Accounting Association, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the Financial Executives International, The Association of Accountants and Financial Professionals in Business and The Institute of Internal Auditors. These organizations form COSO and their mission is to avail thought leadership via developing a framework and guidance as it applies to enterprise risk management, internal controls and the deterrence of fraud (The Committee on Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, 1985-2015). The Treadway Commission Fraudulent Financial Reporting aspect was created in June of 1985 which was named after the chairman and former SEC Commissioner, James C. Treadway, Jr. The above AICPA, AAA, FEI, IIA and the NAA, as referenced above, obtained sponsored funding from the Treadway Commission. Epic failures of a multitude of particular entities engendered an equal amount of Congressional hearings, that which precipitated the failures and inquired into the potential avoidance by enhanced auditing, among other issues. During this era of scrutiny the Commission’s inception occurred (U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 1989). Enter COBIT to our alphabet soup, The Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies. COBIT is a framework to develop, execute, observe and support information technology governance and supervisory practice. This agenda is circulated through the IT Governance Institute and the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA). These entities avail layman’s terms for business bit-wigs to converse with regard to objectives, goals and results. Originally, in 1996, auditing was the primary focus. The re-write in 2013 focused on the value of data governance to avail success to a business and lent much inspiration toward enterprise risk management. COBIT was superseded by COBIT 5 and bases its claim to fame on five principles; meeting the needs of stakeholders, covering an enterprise from top to bottom, application of a single, integrated framework, enabling the Holistic Approach and the separation of governance from management (Tech Target, 2000-2015). An understanding of the entities in our purview and their purpose will enable us to discuss why these two committees are so important, to discuss the components of internal control systems and render our opinion with regard to which component is the most important and why this would be our decision. Further, we will be able to identify why we, as accountants are so concerned about an organization having an efficient and effective internal control system. Please consider this part one of our deliverables, for your review and consideration. References: Tech Target (2000-2015), COBIT definition as retrieved on 8 September 2015 from http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/definition/COBIT The Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (1985-2015), Welcome to coso as retrieved on 8 September 2015 from http://www.coso.org/ YacoubHabashi The Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO) was established by the treadway Commission to work on a common definition for internal control. The control Objectives for Information and Related Technology (COBIT) was project undertaken by the Information Systems Audit and Control Foundation that involved an extensive examination of the internal control area. Conduct a preliminary search : The committee of sponsoring organizations of the treadway commission is a step taken by the private organizations, the basic purpose of COSO is to guide the executives and the governing bodies on different aspects of governess related to the organization activities. The other purposes include guiding them on ethics of business, how to manage the risk and financial reporting and internal controls. The Committee of sponsoring organization (COSO) has made an internal control model, so that other companies and organizations can analyze their control systems against the COSO internal model. The objective of treadway to establish COSO was to create a common definition for internal control. Control objectives for information and related technology (COBIT) were a project undertaken by the information systems Audit and control foundation and despite of the role of COBIT, it has adopted the basic definition of internal control based on COSO report. Discuss why these two committees are so important ? The most effective development made by COSO in the area of internal controls was that, it has defined the internal control and also described in detail about the five factors which are completely interrelated with the internal controls. These factors are control environment, information and communication, control activities, evaluation of risk, and monitoring of different activities. COSO and COBIT explains in detail about the different important factors of internal control system such as they emphasize that every person working in the organization despite of their respected designations, possess an important role in the internal control system of the organization. Nowadays it’s really important for different organizations working in different environment to implement the corporate governance effectively so that they protect themselves from any kind of fraud and to keep their performance up to the required level. COSO is an important framework to ensure that organizations have effective corporate governance, and this is the case for which the framework has created proper criteria to evaluate the organizational internal controls. According to the Sox, section 404 it is compulsory for the management to record the effectiveness of their internal controls and then issue a report on this effectiveness, which is along the company’s annual report. COBIT is now used by the managers in order to ensure the IT governance. The two committees were effective for the organizations in terms of protecting the information and investors. Organizations use different ways to protect themselves from the risk and fraud. COSO helps the organizations to detect fraud through an internal level with a proper internal controls system. And COBIT protects the IT system of the organization. These committees are an additional benefit for the management in relation to the governing issues in the organizations. Discuss components of internal control system. In your opinion, which component is the most important and why? Internal control system is basically a process by which organization control and monitors their activities in order to maintain an environment that prevents employees and management from any kind of fraudulent activities. The organization internal control is evaluated during the external audit. To reduce the detail auditing and to insure incorruptibility in the working environment, organizations implement a proper internal control system. As mentioned earlier Components of internal controls are control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication, and monitoring. The control environment is basically about control awareness of the company employees, and it is the foundation for the other components. Risk assessment is basically a process of identifying the risk, which the company may face during the process of achieving its objectives and goals. A lot of risk is associated with company success and it need to be assessed before it causes any trouble. Control activities are defined as the policies and procedures according to which the activities of the organization are carried out. Information refers to the accounting system, which includes the method to record, process and reports the transactions and as well as maintain the record of company assets, equity and liabilities. Communication refers to providing the company personnel with a proper knowledge about their roles and responsibilities in internal control over the area of financial reporting. Monitoring is explained as a kind of surveillance activity carried out by the management or even the higher authority on different activities of the organization. Although all the components of the internal control system are important, but the most important is Monitoring. After different activities are carried out in the organization, every department has its own control system to prevent risk of mistake. But still these controls are implemented by the employees and there should be an alternative way for the monitoring of the activities carried out in the organization or even on the employees working in the internal controls system. For example during the process of taking a production order in a company, one employee should take the order and prepare the invoice, the second employee should pack the order of production, and third employee should deliver the goods to the client along with the invoice . This exercise will insure transparency, and it is a common exercise. Even after this monitoring is necessary to ensure that all the employees in their respected department have worked according to the given rules and regulations. Monitoring is also necessary to confirm that the other components of the internal control are implemented according to their objectives. Why are accountants so concerned about their organization having an efficient and effective internal control system? The internal control system is very important from the management point of view; along with the accountants in the organization, they are also concerned about the internal control system. The reason is that they have to do the financial reporting and internal audit. If the internal control is effective and efficient than it become really easy for the accountants to carry out their activities. Internal control system ensure that the transactions and other accounting activities are being viewed and checked at different levels within the organization, this reduces the chances of mistakes and errors in accounting estimates. During the process of external auditing, Auditor also evaluates the internal control system, and if its efficiency of the gets challenged, the management and accountants are held responsible. The shareholders want that the financial reports should be free and fair, and the accountants demand the internal control system to be effective in order to detect any kind of materialistic fraud going on in the accounting activities of the organization. References: Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the TreadwayCommision.(2015). Retrieved Augest 29, 2015 from http://www.coso.org/aboutus.htm COBIT. (2014) what is COBIT 5? ISACA. Retrieved Augest 29, 2015 from http://www.isaca.org/cobit/pages/default.aspx Internal controls. Retrieved Augest 29, 2015 from https://f2.washington.edu/fm/fa/internal-controls Kendra James Five common features of an internal control system of business. Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/five-common-features-internal-control-system-business-430.html



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A A random sample of 40 couples who had been married ten years was asked the number of children they had. The results of the survey follow:
Posted On: Nov. 22, 2017
Author: Shipra


Chapter 3 – Test Data 1. U N G R O U P E D D A T A A random sample of 40 couples who had been married ten years was asked the number of children they had. The results of the survey follow: 0 3 0 4 2 2 1 0 3 3 3 1 3 3 3 1 1 3 3 0 7 3 2 5 4 3 4 2 1 0 2 4 2 8 2 2 3 1 2 2 A random sample of 35 people who waited on the phone for a customer service representative to assist them were asked how many minutes they had waited before speaking to a real person. The results of the survey follow: 5 3 1 2 4 3 6 2 6 2 10 8 3 15 4 9 5 2 5 3 8 5 1 2 7 7 2 1 6 5 2 8 9 12 2 Be prepared with a complete data analysis of each set of ungrouped data (mode, mean, variance, standard deviation, 5 number summary, range, outliers, inner quartile range, distribution shape). A random sample of students who had taken the SAT exam was taken at a local high school. The results of the survey follow: SAT Score frequency 430 – 519 8 520 – 609 13 610 – 699 19 700 – 789 22 790 – 879 16 880 – 969 10 970 - 1059 8 A random sample of people contacted by a phone survey asked how much money was spent on car insurance (6 – month period). The results of the survey follow: $ amount frequency $530 - $594 4 $595 - $659 17 $660 - $724 21 $725 - $789 20 $790 - $854 16 $855 - $919 2 2. G R O U P E D D A T A Be prepared with a complete data analysis of each set of grouped data (mean, variance, standard deviation, empirical rule). 3. U N G R O U P E D D A T A A random sampling of cars using two different makes of passenger car tires was taken. The results of the survey of the miles driven on the tires follows: Passenger Tire Type A 27500 29800 27500 25900 28200 22000 28300 22900 22000 20300 24500 24700 25700 22100 21200 23400 28300 25900 29200 23400 Passenger Tire Type B 24500 26600 20500 18200 20600 24500 28700 22600 27500 25800 34000 34600 30900 29500 22900 21100 31600 19700 15200 33100 Be prepared to compare the two sets of tires using the 5 – number summary and/or standard scores (z – scores). Note: Computing standard scores will require you have mean and standard deviation for each tire type. You are not expected to compute the standard score for each of these values. You would most likely see questions that would ask: 1. A customer with tire A had 28000 miles on his tires. He would be considered to have what type of tire mileage? a. Unusual tire mileage b. Unremarkable tire mileage 2. Identify the number of tire mileages that would be outliers for data set B. _____ 3. What would be more remarkable? a. Tire A with mileage 27000 b. Tire B with mileage 21000 c. Tire B with mileage 31800 d. Tire A with mileage 21500 4. What would be least remarkable? a. Tire A with mileage 27000 b. Tire B with mileage 21000 c. Tire B with mileage 31800 d. Tire A with mileage 21500



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The family-purpose doctrine The family purpose doctrine holds the responsibility for the damages caused by
Posted On: Nov. 21, 2017
Author: Shipra


The family-purpose doctrine The family purpose doctrine holds the responsibility for the damages caused by an accident when the vehicle is being used by an immediate member of the owner’s family with his/her consent. This law has five elements that govern the eligibility of vicarious liability. First, the defendant must have the ownership of the vehicle. In the case of Fred, he has an ownership interest in the car since he had already purchased it. The second element requires that Fred must have made the car available for family use. He had communicated to his family that the car was to be used to travel to work only. Fred’s mother used the car for a purpose that was not made available by the vehicle’s owner. The third element of the family-purpose doctrine is that the driver of the car at the time of the accident must be an immediate family member. This part holds in this case since the driver is the owner’s mother. The fourth part demands that the driver must be using the automobile for a family purpose at the time of the accident. Fred’s mother was using the car to drive Fred’s children to the hospital. This can be interpreted as a family purpose. The last element in the doctrine states that the driver should have the owner’s consent before using the car. In Georgia, the same elements of the family-purpose doctrine apply. The Georgia family-purpose doctrine does apply to not only cars, but also boats, airplanes and other vehicles. It also does not require the express permission of the car to use the car. In this case, some of the elements of the family purpose doctrine are not met has not yet finalized the possession of the car hence there not full ownership. Fred’s mother used the vehicle without the owner’s consent since it was to wait for a week before being used. This means that the plaintiff cannot sue Fred for negligence. The driver at the time of the traffic accident is to be held responsible for the damages of the accidents. Vicarious liability cannot hold when all the elements of the family-purpose are not met.



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ROAD TO FREEDOM CHARACTER SKETCH HANDOUT The purpose of this assignment is to help you to use the information you gathered in
Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Author: Shipra


ROAD TO FREEDOM CHARACTER SKETCH HANDOUT The purpose of this assignment is to help you to use the information you gathered in your online research to create a well-developed fictional character who may have lived during this time period. Begin by brainstorming your fictional character using the categories below. You should work with your group to share ideas as you complete this character sketch. Character’s full name: Gender: Age: Physical appearance: Education: Occupation: Social status (e.g., very poor, moderately poor, wealthy, very wealthy): Marital status: Ethnicity: Accent: Other relationships: Home (where does he or she live?): Possessions: Beliefs: Ambitions: Superstitions: Fears: Attitudes: Weaknesses: Strengths: Talents or special skills: Unusual physical characteristics (e.g., scars, limp, birthmarks): Using the information you have just brainstormed, write a character sketch. Use the student sample on the next page as a guide. Include also a color picture of your character to match the character sketch. CHARACTER SKETCH: STUDENT SAMPLE Ficus Owens is a 17-year field hand living on the Powers Plantation in Bucks County Maryland. Ficus is six-feet tall and has dark brown skin, made darker by his days in the sun. He has an open smile and warm eyes, although his eyes are often marked by wariness when the overseer is around. Ficus has a huge scar running the length of his back that he got when the Master took a cane to him when he was seven-years-old. Ficus has three brothers and two sisters. One of his brothers was sold “down south” to work on a cotton plantation to help pay off debts when Master Power’s father died. Working all day in the fields has made Ficus strong and he is able to do the work of three men. He knows that he is valuable to the Master, but is also afraid that he may be sold if things on the plantation do not improve. Ficus has no formal education, although he knows how to hunt, fish, and use the stars to travel at night. His mother also taught him passages from the Bible, which he has memorized along with some important gospel songs. Unfortunately, he is not allowed to sing anymore because of strict regulations following a slave uprising. He has one set of clothing and a pair of shoes that he received last Christmas from the Master. Ficus is not very superstitious, but he does believe that spirits or “haunts” live in the woods. Ficus is not married. He would like to marry Letitia Smith, another slave who works in the Master's house, but he is afraid that if they were to have children, his children would also be slaves. Ficus believes that any form of slavery is wrong and he desperately wants to be free. He is willing to do anything to gain his freedom, but he will not leave the plantation without Letitia. Copyright 2005 IRA/NCTE. All rights reserved. ReadWriteThink materials may be reproduced for educational purposes.



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Catcher In The Rye Review Sheet Holden’s Character Add details about Holden’s character from the novel to develop each of the following attributes.
Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Author: Shipra


Catcher In The Rye Review Sheet Holden’s Character Add details about Holden’s character from the novel to develop each of the following attributes. Holden: Acts: Looks: Feels About Himself: Other’s Attitudes: Says: Saddest/Funniest Quotes: Holden’s Personality Summarize an action or comment that demonstrates the characteristic of Holden’s personality. Alienated: Antisocial: Intolerant: Privileged: Intelligent: Liar: Courageous: Humorous: Depressed: The Catcher In The Rye Review Sheet Themes: Write down places from the story that develop the following ideas. Explain what you think Salinger is saying about each of these themes. Change: Alienation: Courage: Maturing: Honesty: Catcher in the Rye Review Sheet Types of Stories 1. Frame Story A story-within-a-story is known as a framework or frame story. An example of a frame story is the Canterbury Tales. What are the settings of the frame story Holden tells? That is, what time period is covered and what placed are described? 2. A picaresque is a tale, usually autobiographical, presenting the life story of a rascal. Don Quixote is one example. Seven qualities distinguish the picaresque novel. Explain how Catcher in the Rye does/does not meet each criterion. a. Chronicles part of the life of a rouge in the first-person. b. Chief figure is from a low social level and of loose character, according to conventional standards. c. Very little plot, but rather a series of slightly connected episodes. d. Development of character does not take place; the central figure starts and ends as a rouge; if there is change, it is usually die to circumstance, not character development. e. Realistic method, plain language, freedom in vocabulary, vividness of detail f. Satire is prominent; the main character learns the frailties and foibles of a number of other characters; social and/or national peculiarities may be satirized. g. Hero stops short of being a criminal What can you infer about the setting in which Holden tells the frame story? Does the story return to the frame situation at the end? How? Speculate about why Salinger chose this structure. That is, why wouldn’t the story have been as effective if it had simply begun with the scene at Pency Prep and ended with the scene at the carrousel? Catcher in the Rye Review Worksheet Setting Directions: The events of the story take place in several different settings (times and places). Settings often reflect the mood – or even help set it. Complete the chart below by listing some of the settings in the story and the mood in each setting. Also, write one sentence about an event that takes place in that setting. Setting Mood 1. The Spencer house gloomy, air of sickness 2. Pencey Prep (Holden’s room) 3. Train to New York 4. Grand Central Station 5. _______________________________ 6. _______________________________ 7. ______________________________ 8. ______________________________ 9. _______________________________ 10._______________________________



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Catcher In The Rye Review Sheet Other Characters Directions: Place each of the following characters in one or more of the groups
Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Author: Shipra


Catcher In The Rye Review Sheet Other Characters Directions: Place each of the following characters in one or more of the groups below: Jane Phoebe Sally Stradlater James Castle D.B. Allie Mr. Antolini Dick Slagle Mr. Spencer Ackley nuns singing boy boys in museum Lillian Simmons Sunny Carl Luce Holden Phonies Innocents Betrayers Seducers Outcasts Materialists Catcher In The Rye Review Sheet Symbols A symbol is something that stands for something else. For example, the dove is a symbol of peace. Titles, repeated phrases or repeated references to particular objects in a story are often clues to symbols. Symbols are used to emphasize the theme or message of a story. Throughout Catcher In The Rye there are repeated references to the red cap, to the Robert Burns poem, to the ducks, to the museum, and to “phonies.” You can tell that the catcher’s mitt and the carrousel also have special significance for Holden. 1. List as many references to each of these as you can find. Red Cap: Title poem: Ducks: Museum: Phonies: Baseball mitt: Carrousel: 2. How are the red cap and the baseball mitt alike? How are they different? 3. Choose two of the “phonies.” How are they alike? How are they different? 4. How is Allie like the boy singing “The Catcher In the Rye”? How are they different? 5. How are the museum mummies like the carrousel animals and the ducks? How are they different?



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Catcher In The Rye Writing Assignment Many arguments have been made for censoring The Catcher In the Rye and for continuing to teach it.
Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Author: Shipra


Catcher In The Rye Writing Assignment Many arguments have been made for censoring The Catcher In the Rye and for continuing to teach it. 1. Complete the following chart by filling in reasons for and against censoring this novel. yes no 2. In your opinion, should The Catcher in the Rye be censored? 3. Write a five paragraph essay in which you defend or disprove the thesis: “The Catcher in the Rye should not be censored. It is a novel from which high school students can benefit.” You might use some of the following phrases, revising as you wish. Use details from the chart above as supportive evidence. Be sure no only to “build your case,” but also to provide evidence that contradicts your opponents’. The Catcher in the Rye should/should not be censored. First of all,…… In almost every case,………. Another reason……… In addition,…….. My most important reason…….. Contrary to what the book’s detractors/defenders have to say,………. Catcher In The Rye A. Short Answer Answer the following questions using as much detail as is required. 1. Describe Holden’s dream. How does this dream connect with his feelings about Phoebe and Allie? 2. Explain why Holden thinks certain people are being phony. Name two people he feels are this way. 3. Give two themes of the book and an example from the story to prove each one. 4. Holden calls himself a terrific liar and a coward. Are these statements true? Give an example to prove or disprove each one. 5. At the beginning of the book, Holden agrees to tell the reader about his five days in New York. At the end of the book he has a different feeling. Why is how he feels different? How is this change similar to why Holden does not go into the museum of Natural History?



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History of Urban America Annotated Bibliography: Annotated bibliographies train the research-oriented student on the systematic
Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Author: Shipra


History of Urban America Annotated Bibliography: Annotated bibliographies train the research-oriented student on the systematic process of formulating literature reviews that are used in research papers, theses, and dissertations. This exercise is a writing and research exercise intended to train the student in such skills that are necessary for higher education and potential graduate studies. You are required to prepare an Annotated Bibliography. An Annotated Bibliography is a list of citations to scholarly books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited for the chosen topic (emphasis on urban history). Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, concise analysis, and informed library research. First, locate and record citations to scholarly books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works (10 scholarly resources) that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic. Cite the scholarly book, article, or document using the appropriate style. Format: The format (headings for all sections) of each article analyzed in the annotated bibliography should be as follows: • Citation of the Journal Article • Annotation Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the scholarly book, article or document. Include one or more sentences that (a) evaluate the authority or background of the author, (b) comment on the intended audience, (c) compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or (d) explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic. The stated Problem addressed by the article The Purpose of the article The Methods used to gather the data in the Article (this may not be applicable in all cases since most of the articles are theoretical arguments) • The Findings and Conclusions of the Article After summarizing and assessing, you can now reflect on this source. How does it fit into your topic of interest? Is this a helpful resource? Too scholarly? Not scholarly enough? Too general/specific? Has this source helped you to narrow your topic? • Your Opinion of the validity of the Article in helping us understand your topic and why you tend to believe this way After a brief summary, it would be appropriate to assess this source and offer some criticisms of it. Does it seem like a reliable and current source? Why? Is the research biased or objective? Are the facts well documented? Who is the author? Is he/she qualified in this subject? Is this source scholarly, popular, some of both? Minimum Requirements for the Annotated Bibliography • Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. -Citations will need to be in alphabetical order. • No less than 10 sources from scholarly books, periodicals, and documents. Technical Format: All papers should use the following technical format: Microsoft Word, Times New Roman, 12 point font, 1” margins from left to right and top to bottom, and single space for each annotation and double space between each source. Please number your pages. Grading: The Annotated Project is worth 100 points. Late Annotated Bibliographies will automatically be reduced a ½ letter grade for each day they are late. If the annotated bibliographies are more than three days late they will not be accepted, period!



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Sky High Performance Task #1 Algebra 2 2013
Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Author: Shipra


Sky High Performance Task #1 Algebra 2 2013 Objective: Students will use demonstrate their understanding of slope, graphs of linear functions, and writing equations to solve real world problem solving situation. 1. Define a linear relationship. Give an example of a function that is linear (acceptable answers include real life, ordered pairs, equation, mapping) Explain why your example is linear. 2, The relationship between the number of floors in a skyscraper and the height of the building is linear. Explain why. 3. Find the number of floors and the heights (in meters) of the two tallest buildings in the world. Use the number of floors as the independent variable. Building Floors Height Burj Khalfa, Dubai Shanghai Tower, China 4 For the data in #3. a. Find the slope and y-intercept of the linear function b. Write the linear model c. What does the slope represent? d. What does the intercept represent? Why does it NOT make sense to apply the intercept to this real life situation? 5. Using the linear model from #4, a. Predict the height(in meters) in a skyscraper with 140 floors b. Predict the number of floors of a skyscraper that is 550 meters tall.



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Running, by itself, is not pleasant to me; however, I have had to run a lot in the Army. The sense of satisfaction after running is pleasant to me, because I put all that
Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Author: Shipra


Writing Running, by itself, is not pleasant to me; however, I have had to run a lot in the Army. The sense of satisfaction after running is pleasant to me, because I put all that hard word in and endured the pain. The idea of reaching that satisfaction after a run is what keeps me going, no matter how tired I feel. Knowing that I accomplished a task; especially one I do not care for and that is painful, makes me feel good, powerful, and like I have a will of steel. That feeling I get after a run is the same feeling I have when I peer into my beliefs, my values, my morals, or myself. My belief is that sense of deep reflection will help one truly comprehend why he/ she believes in something; more importantly, this reflection will solidify a belief and motivate the believer even more. I believe that reflecting on any belief one holds is imperative for everyone, because it helps us to live our lives with our eyes wide open. According to Kurt Mosser’s book, Philosophy: a Concise Introduction (2010), Socrates believed that “People must critically examine their own lives” (pg 1.1). Examining one’s own life, I believe, is akin to reflecting on all of one’s beliefs or notions; therefore, I felt that my most beloved belief is reminiscent of Socrates vision and the reason why society has Socratic questioning today. Mosser, K. (2010. Philosophy: a Concise Introduction. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education, Inc The writer has beautifully explained the power of belief, by citing own example of running in the Army. Socrates believed that everyone should examine their own lives in a critical manner. This will help them in thinking in a logical manner and arrive at a rational decision. The feeling of having accomplished a task to one’s own satisfaction cannot be described but felt only. It gives one great confidence and relief to see that you have done a task to your own satisfaction. Our beliefs are also the same. If have faith in them, then it would help us in doing our task in an efficient manner.



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History of Urban America Annotated Bibliography: Annotated bibliographies train the research-oriented student on the systematic
Posted On: Nov. 18, 2017
Author: Shipra


History of Urban America Annotated Bibliography: Annotated bibliographies train the research-oriented student on the systematic process of formulating literature reviews that are used in research papers, theses, and dissertations. This exercise is a writing and research exercise intended to train the student in such skills that are necessary for higher education and potential graduate studies. You are required to prepare an Annotated Bibliography. An Annotated Bibliography is a list of citations to scholarly books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited for the chosen topic (emphasis on urban history). Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, concise analysis, and informed library research. First, locate and record citations to scholarly books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works (10 scholarly resources) that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic. Cite the scholarly book, article, or document using the appropriate style. Format: The format (headings for all sections) of each article analyzed in the annotated bibliography should be as follows: • Citation of the Journal Article • Annotation Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the scholarly book, article or document. Include one or more sentences that (a) evaluate the authority or background of the author, (b) comment on the intended audience, (c) compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or (d) explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic. The stated Problem addressed by the article The Purpose of the article The Methods used to gather the data in the Article (this may not be applicable in all cases since most of the articles are theoretical arguments) • The Findings and Conclusions of the Article After summarizing and assessing, you can now reflect on this source. How does it fit into your topic of interest? Is this a helpful resource? Too scholarly? Not scholarly enough? Too general/specific? Has this source helped you to narrow your topic? • Your Opinion of the validity of the Article in helping us understand your topic and why you tend to believe this way After a brief summary, it would be appropriate to assess this source and offer some criticisms of it. Does it seem like a reliable and current source? Why? Is the research biased or objective? Are the facts well documented? Who is the author? Is he/she qualified in this subject? Is this source scholarly, popular, some of both? Minimum Requirements for the Annotated Bibliography • Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. -Citations will need to be in alphabetical order. • No less than 10 sources from scholarly books, periodicals, and documents. Technical Format: All papers should use the following technical format: Microsoft Word, Times New Roman, 12 point font, 1” margins from left to right and top to bottom, and single space for each annotation and double space between each source. Please number your pages. Grading: The Annotated Project is worth 100 points. Late Annotated Bibliographies will automatically be reduced a ½ letter grade for each day they are late. If the annotated bibliographies are more than three days late they will not be accepted, period!



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Sky High Performance Task #1 Algebra 2 2013
Posted On: Nov. 18, 2017
Author: Shipra


Sky High Performance Task #1 Algebra 2 2013 Objective: Students will use demonstrate their understanding of slope, graphs of linear functions, and writing equations to solve real world problem solving situation. 1. Define a linear relationship. Give an example of a function that is linear (acceptable answers include real life, ordered pairs, equation, mapping) Explain why your example is linear. 2, The relationship between the number of floors in a skyscraper and the height of the building is linear. Explain why. 3. Find the number of floors and the heights (in meters) of the two tallest buildings in the world. Use the number of floors as the independent variable. Building Floors Height Burj Khalfa, Dubai Shanghai Tower, China 4 For the data in #3. a. Find the slope and y-intercept of the linear function b. Write the linear model c. What does the slope represent? d. What does the intercept represent? Why does it NOT make sense to apply the intercept to this real life situation? 5. Using the linear model from #4, a. Predict the height(in meters) in a skyscraper with 140 floors b. Predict the number of floors of a skyscraper that is 550 meters tall.



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