Posted On: Nov. 8, 2017
Discussion I Zionism is a major player in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as well as Palestinian nationalism. “In the early history of Zionism was a Viennese journalist, Theodor Herzl. Herzl’s turn toward Zionism came as a result of the Dreyfus Affair. The Dreyfus Affair demonstrated to Herzl that if France could play host to virulent anti-Semitism, Jews could not be secure anywhere. What the Jews needed was a homeland of their own” (Gelvin 218-219). Herzl searched throughout to find a place for the Jewish to call their homeland. He had a few different ideas for locations, but they did not work. Herzl started a Zionist program and with the help of the effort and those involved Herzl was able to find a homeland for the Jews. Since the Jewish people have history with Palestine Herzl was able to make Palestine the homeland for the Jewish people. “The Zionist movement achieved its first real success in 1917 when the British issued the Balfour Declaration. The Balfour Declaration stated, in part, ‘His Majesty’s Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object…’” (Gelvin 219). The British government helped the Jewish people along with the Zionist program and Herzl to establish a place to call their own. Over the next twenty years the Jewish people moved to Israel in different movements. Over time issues between the two peoples began to rise and in the 1930’s war between the two broke out and lasted for years. Many people died Palestinians and Zionist. Over time an area was set aside for the Palestinians, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Even to this day the conflict between the two still exists. Gelvin, J. L. (2011). The Modern Middle East: A History (3rd ed.). Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, Inc. The Israeli – Palestinian conflict is between two communities who are equally keen to have their say in how they claim a place of residence. It was Herzl, who took the lead and started a movement to find a place for Jews, who were hounded from everywhere. The British government helped the Jewish people along with the Zionist program and Herzl to establish a place to call their own. The disputed place of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank is being claimed as religious according to Palestine and thus settlement of Jews over there, is not acceptable to them. In spite of best efforts put in by western forces, the conflict between the two is still not resolved. Jews have been very forceful in protecting their identity and there exists a strong ethnic bond among this community to safeguard them at any cost.