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All agency action can be classified in three categories: quasi-adjudication: order making, judicial quasi-legislation: rulemaking executive
Posted On: Nov. 8, 2017
Author: Shipra

Week 1 discussion 1 Nationalism Discuss how dominance from imperialist powers contributed to the rise of Asian nations with reference to the readings for this week. Please identify and explain one factor other than nationalism that led to the rise of identity in the Asian nations discussed. Does country need nationalism in order to be powerful? What nationalist factors are most important to a country? The term nationalism normally refers to the outlook of members of a nation that they have when they are concerned about their national identity. For this, they take strong actions to achieve self determination and make sincere efforts to sustain it. The concept of national identity is defined in terms of common origin, ethnicity or cultural ties that they have. An individual involuntarily regards himself as a member of a nation he is associated with in terms of commonality of these factors. Nationalism is basically a shared state of mind or consciousness in which people of a particular nation believe that their primary duty and loyalty is towards the nation- state. Quite often, nationalism implies glorifies several national virtues and love of nation may be over emphasized and this may lead to international conflict. Nationalism is extremely important in forming bonds that hold modern nations together. It provides a lot of cohesiveness and order that is necessary for the existence of the modern nation-state. Asians revolted against the dominance of imperialist powers. Intellectuals and reformers like Mahatma Gandhi used non- violence as a tool for gaining freedom from the British. Nationalist factors such as religion or common language and some such bond are necessary to bring people together and make them unified. Many westerners believed that Christian duty was to be set as an example for education. With this intention, British educated Indians and Asians where they ruled with English language. The idea was accepted initially but later on people realized that it broke their bonds with native nationalism. This was one of the factors that bonded them. Week 1 discussion 2 Imperial economies How did imperialism in Asia affect the economies of Western countries? Is it possible for a strong country to trade with a weaker country without being in control of that weaker entity? What are some benefits for the strong country if it does not use force to control the economies of its weaker trading partners? If a nation’s population increases, needs natural resources, or outgrows its boundaries, does it have the right to acquire resources through imperialism? Why or why not? It is widely believed that western colonialism and imperialism greatly contributed to the civilizing of the backward people and also contributed to their living standards. This is especially true for Asian and African countries. These colonial powers set up schools and colleges, constructed roads and railways ,built canals and bridges ; provided law and order , improved sanitation and health , promoted trade and commerce and thus contributed to the welfare of the native people . However, in many scholars associate imperialism with exploitation, misery, poverty, cruelty, forced conversion, degradation and racial segregation of the native people. Imperialism is also considered as immoral and predatory. A strong country can definitely trade with a weaker country but in all probability, it would try to gain control of the weaker country. But if it does not use force to control the economies of its weaker trading partner, then a feeling of trust will be developed and the trade relations would flourish. When a nation’s population increases, its requirement would also increase. History has proved that countries have exploited weaker nations and made use of their resources for home country without contributing much to the progress of the weaker country. However such actions have proved to be counterproductive and resulted in revolt against them. It is a question of survival for the country that needs additional resources to take care of its growing population. The ideal situation would be to strike a deal with the nations that have these resources and take care of their needs. By adopting this approach, one would end up in a Win- Win situation that would prove to be beneficial for all. Reference Hobson J.A. (2011) Imperialism Cambridge University Press,