Posted On: Nov. 21, 2017
Expectations for Short Papers Introduction: The purpose of the introduction is to introduce the reader to the central theme of your paper. An effective introduction should provide general information regarding the subject you will be covering in your paper. The introduction should be succinct, and provide the reader with pertinent background information, and or other contextual material. Because this is a short paper, the introduction must be no more than one to two paragraphs in length. (1 to 2-paragraph maximum) Tips for the Introduction Section: For the paper on leadership, the introduction should encompass a general overview, or broad description of what encompasses leadership or what leadership means in the context of a business environment. As you can see, it can be approached a variety of ways, but be sure to focus on the central theme. Same approach would apply to the paper on ethics. I would prefer that no quotes are used in the introduction and all concepts are paraphrased. After the introduction, you would then gradually narrow down the subject to a specific purpose statement. A purpose statement, is essentially just like a thesis statement, except more specific and direct. It provides the paper with a clear scope, direction and purpose. Purpose Statement: • The purpose statement can be one to three sentences (depending on the complexity of the paper), which again, explicitly states the focus and direction of the writing. The purpose statement should be concise, and therefore, the reader should have no doubt as to the topic of your paper. Example of a purpose statement: “This paper will explore the importance of a positive ethical climate, and the biases that impact ethical decision making. Additionally, an ethical dilemma will be examined as well as the ethical principles that should be been considered.” *If you are ever wondering what components to put in your purpose statement, take a look at what is needed for the analysis section. *Please note: In some courses your professor may ask for a thesis statement. A thesis statement is written differently from a purpose statement. So be sure to understand that not every paper you will write in graduate school will require a purpose statement, it depends on how the professor would like you to approach the assignment. For more information on the differences between a purpose and thesis statement, check out https://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/Thesis_or_Purpose.html Content/Analysis: The body of the paper is comprised of the analyzation and presentation of materials that supports your purpose statement. Paragraphs must be well developed and discuss each component necessary for the assignment. Additionally, materials from other sources as well as specific examples must be used in order to further substantiate your statements. It is not enough to just “tell” the reader your perspective, but you must “show” the reader why you believe your perspective is relevant. You would do this by applying critical analysis: incorporating concepts/theories, research from other sources,and specific examples. This provides a more in-depth analysis to the body of the paper. (3.5 to 4 page maximum) Tips for Writing the Analysis section: • Make sure you cover each component of the analysis section that is provided in the outline thoroughly. • Only include pertinent information-stay on track with what each part of the outline is asking. • When discussing concepts or theories, be sure to do the following: introduce, define, analyze, and provide examples to further support your analysis and perspective. You want to always approach your papers as if the reader knows nothing! • Use quotes sparingly! Quotes are meant to enhance what is already written, they should not be used in place of defining concepts or theories. • Please make sure you understand how you would cite a direct quote, versus how you would cite when you paraphrase information. Please be sure to review the APA Cheat Sheet. Conclusion: The conclusion should be definitive and concise. It should capture the importance of the central theme of the paper. Emphasizing the significance of the purpose statement and the issues/concepts you have discussed throughout the body of your paper. This helps your paper to be organized, and provides unity. (1 to 2 paragraphs maximum) Tips for Writing Your Conclusion: Try to not restate in specific detail everything you just discussed in the analysis section. Remember, you want to capture and wrap up the central theme of your paper. Please note: Scholarly resources aside from your text, must be used for all papers in this course. In other words, pulling information from a website such as encyclopedia or wikepedia.com, is not considered a scholarly resource. Please utilize the online library data base at WU. Additionally, please take time to review my policy on plagiarism located in the syllabus as well as the APA Cheat Sheet. You will be held responsible for understanding the policy prior to completing your assignment. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to email me. I am here to help!