Posted On: Nov. 20, 2017
Week 1 dis 1 What is Philosophy? Most people have views that are strongly influenced and informed by philosophy, often without realizing it. Identify a view you have—whether on politics, religion, science, culture, or even the media and entertainment—that might be regarded as being related to philosophy. What kind of reasons do you have for holding that belief? What figure from the history of philosophy section do you think might have some views that are similar, or at least relevant, to your own? Explain why you chose that particular figure. I have always believed in the existence of a super power which controls our actions. While science can provide explanation in a rational way to the ways of life, how do we explain that some people die young while others live a long life ? Who decides how long we can live ? Science provides an explanation to this question. If we follow a strict and healthy diet, and exercise on a regular basis, we can live a long life. But then ,we see people around us, who follow a strict pattern of diet and exercise ,but still die young. All these observations have made my belief stronger in a super natural power, who decides our fate and the way our lives are controlled. This view is similar to St. Augustine , who believed that there is a superpower who guides our thoughts and action. St. Augustine believed in the philosophy of Plato and found it to be extremely important. However, at the same time, he argued and believed that Platonism was only completed with Christ (Medieval Philosophy chapter 1). So this is the reason I chose this school of thought for my belief. x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x Week 1 dis 2 Justifying beliefs Many philosophers insist that our most strongly held beliefs should be examined and critically evaluated. Using the required text and outside sources, explain what philosophers mean when they say that beliefs need justification? What is the importance of subjecting our beliefs to critical scrutiny? What are the advantages of believing something without examining it? What are the disadvantages? Identify a specific belief you have that you think is worth defending, and then explain your reasons for holding that belief. Be sure to include logical reasoning as well as factual evidence in all your arguments. According to our text,” Rationalism puts much greater emphasis on the mind, and on reason, and sees sensory information as being either less important or as actually interfering with our ability to discover fundamental philosophical truths”(Chapter 1 rationalism). We must examine our observations and beliefs in line with scientific reasoning. Looks can be deceptive and give rise to a perception which may , in reality , be totally wrong. Mathematics is an excellent example of reasoning and rationalism. If we believe in some happenings without examining it from rational point of view, we may end up in making mistakes and be a victim of poor judgment. Rationalist do not reject information obtained through senses but on the contrary, examine it critically and analyze the reasons as to why this is happening and then come to a conclusion. Rationalists believe that there is nothing wrong in believing happenings in the world or God, but all should be explained with reasoning and logic.